What is the Flipped Classroom?

The flipped classroom refers to a model of learning that rearranges how time is spent both in and out of class to shift the ownership of learning from the educators to the students. In the flipped classroom model, valuable class time is devoted to more active, project-based learning where students work together to solve local or global challenges — or other real-world applications — to gain a deeper understanding of the subject. Rather than the instructor using class time to dispense information, that work is done by each student after class, and could take the form of watching video lectures, listening to podcasts, perusing enhanced e-book content, or collaborating with peers in online communities. Students access the online tools and resources any time they need them. Faculty can then devote more time to interacting with each individual. After class, students manage the content they use, the pace and style of learning, and the ways in which they demonstrate their knowledge; the instructor adapts instructional and collaborative approaches to suit their learning needs and personal learning journeys. The goal is for students to learn more authentically by doing. The flipped classroom model is part of a larger pedagogical movement that overlaps with blended learning, inquiry-based learning, and other instructional approaches and tools that are meant to be flexible, active, and more engaging for students.

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(1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?

  • This technology is well used in subjects where there is a need to explain difficult concepts like math or economy, formulas and complex definitions. It should be used as a supplement to the teaching and not be used as homework in every class. - Ann.Sorum.Michaelsen Ann.Sorum.Michaelsen Nov 26, 2014 - Sam Sam Dec 3, 2014
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  • This technology is relevant when it helps the students to take ownership of their own learning and frees up time for the teacher to supervise students. - Ingunn.Bremnes.Stubdal Ingunn.Bremnes.Stubdal Nov 30, 2014
  • As hundreds, if not thousands, Swedish teachers have discovered, flipped classroom is a very good way of making students more active during class. - jan.hylen jan.hylen Dec 5, 2014
  • FLipped classroom is definately on the rise. We don't know how widespread it is, but judging by discussions in professional networks it gains momentum - oysteinjohannessen oysteinjohannessen Dec 4, 2014
  • To seriously consider what we should use our time in school, what the student can do at home is necessary. To free up time for reflection, collaboration, discussion and classroom teaching can proficiency training and lectures in large degree be carried out elsewhere. - helena.kvarnsell helena.kvarnsell Dec 4, 2014
  • Flipped classroom (FC) is relevant for several reasons. Here are a couple of reasons. 1: Our student prerequisites for learning are dissimilar. FC gives the teacher the opportunity to spend more time to help the weaker students. 2: Students will have access to learning theory at different speeds. 3: The teaching process can be made more effective. 4: Ability to distinguish the teaching level and learning styles.
    - stgr stgr Dec 5, 2014
  • Flipped Classroom is a way where students can learn at their own speed and pace while it gives room for both a repeat of a specific sentence and for later repetition which is not possible when the teacher gives out instruction in front of the whole class. [Jette Risgaard]

(2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?

  • It is important to point that there are a lot of well produced videos out there and that they can be used in flipped classroom allthough it is generelly known that students prefer to listen/watch a familiar teacher. - Ann.Sorum.Michaelsen Ann.Sorum.Michaelsen Nov 26, 2014
  • I think there is need for evaluations of how flipped classrooms works for different parts of the student population. Important Research questions are who benefits from flipped classroom in what ways, how do Teachers approach and legitimate flipped approaches, and what kind of Resources do they use.- oysteinjohannessen oysteinjohannessen Dec 4, 2014- Ingunn.Bremnes.Stubdal Ingunn.Bremnes.Stubdal Dec 5, 2014
  • It forces the teachers into using digital tools - they cannot 'hide' behind statements like 'the students are much better than me, so I don't have to use digital Devices in class' etc. Especially when a teacher first start to produce her own instruction video it will take a lot longer preparation time compared to an ordinary lesson. On the other hand the preparation might be much more precise as the teacher knows that the video can be seen over and over Again and shown to other people. This migth not be something all teachers feel well about. Most teachers are used to being in charge within the classroom and with flipped learning they might find that their role is changing in a way they are not comfortable about. [Jette Risgaard]
  • It might be easier to convince a teacher who are teaching the same grades year after year to produce her own videos. But as this is usually not the case in Danish schools (where you are most likely to follow the same class for several years before coming back to teaching at a specif grade) you will have to rely on teachers sharing teaching videos. A good idea, but not always part of the school culture. [Jette Risgaard]

(3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative inquiry?

  • when teachers start using flipped classroom as a means of differentiation where the academically strong students are given more advanced tasks, is when we get the full potential of this. The idea is to free the time of the teachers from explaining basic concepts multiple times. This is a great way to differentiate and spend more 1:1 time with the students. - Ann.Sorum.Michaelsen Ann.Sorum.Michaelsen Nov 26, 2014
  • it gives teachers increased possibilities to concentrate on individual learners and on the problems that students feel are most difficult.
  • Students seem to appreciate that the classroom is turned into an arena for deeper Learning With better teacher support.- oysteinjohannessen oysteinjohannessen Dec 4, 2014
  • Our students have grown up to learn through the use of audiovisual material like videos, and they are satisfied with this way of learning. If students are asked to watch some videos at home, it is not homework. If you give them a text they have to read, it's homework. For the student it is a motivating way of learning. It is also motivating to be free of the priest, who communicate today's text from the whiteboard.
    - stgr stgr Dec 5, 2014- Ingunn.Bremnes.Stubdal Ingunn.Bremnes.Stubdal Dec 5, 2014

(4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?

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