What is Single Sign-On?

With cellular networks covering a larger area of the globe, and wi-fi freely available in more restaurants, stores, and even public transit, people have grown accustomed to surfing the web anywhere at anytime. A thriving tablet and smartphone market means that people are accessing the Internet from a number of devices and are constantly changing between them throughout their daily lives. To address the user experience of switching between mobile devices, companies are implementing single sign-on, or the use of one authentication process to access multiple websites, in order to make the user experience seamless. It's now possible, for instance, to register with website that has never been visited before simply by signing-in with one's Facebook or Google credentials. With less effort put toward recalling and re-entering passwords for multiple websites, users can navigate the web with greater ease and accessibility.

INSTRUCTIONS: Enter your responses to the questions below. This is most easily done by moving your cursor to the end of the last item and pressing RETURN to create a new bullet point. Please include URLs whenever you can (full URLs will automatically be turned into hyperlinks; please type them out rather than using the linking tools in the toolbar).

Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: - Larry Larry Feb 8, 2012

(1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?

  • - lars.persen lars.persen Nov 23, 2014Single sign-on (SSO) is in respect to user friendliness very important for schools. Regarding to multi media orchestration of the classroom, teachers need to find it easy to enter and use all platforms and media types without too many log-ons necessary. From an economic viewpoint this makes a difference also for school owners and manufacturers, who on both ends can reduce helpdesk costs. Much of helpdesk work has been oriented towards helping users who couldn't access platforms or web sites. A smoother log-in from the classrooms also enhances the user experience. One of the greater obstacles when implementing a broad variety of digital tools and platforms in the classroom has been teachers giving up on the tool when they couldn't make it work instantly. SSO is improving user experience; it is quick and simple and also time saving for the teacher.
  • - lars.persen lars.persen Nov 23, 2014Easier log-ons may also boost Learning productivity, as students and teachers more easily can access the same platforms for collaboration. A good SSO solution is a huge benefit for MOOC providers, as it psychologically supports the first "O" in MOOC, Open - When there is no demanding registration it feels easier to sign up for a MOOC course. Also in K-12 classrooms use of SSO makes it easier to use web tools for engaging in 1:1
  • - lars.persen lars.persen Nov 23, 2014A study from 2012 have found that open authentication systems like SSO, besides providing a better user experience, also caused security risks. Most providers are very good at closing such flaws, as their own reputation is at stake, but still it makes any system more vulnerable. This will be a critical point when we are using systems that provides adaptive learning or learning analytics. When Teachers use an SSO (i.e. With their Facebook authentication) to a platform containing personal student data, the risk is that the original authentication from Facebook will be a security hole through where data can be accessed by people who are not authorized. (Wang/Chen/Feng, Microsoft/Indiana University Bloomington, 2012)
  • SSO can be a part of networks for federated identification (such as www.skolfederation.se) which are networked technologies where the aim is to interconnect the whole educational system and its services, thus enabeling for true SSO. - ch.tii ch.tii Dec 6, 2014 - helena.kvarnsell helena.kvarnsell Dec 7, 2014

(2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?

(3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative inquiry?

  • Through the use of federated identities and SSO in combination, there is a drop in administrative IT burdens, there is an opening up of strucutures, and it provides for new concepts of learning tools, if also interlinked through various forms of standardizations of metadata of learning objects, students etc. With a system combining SSO, federated identification and standardization of metadata of learning objects, there could be a great potential for the development of technologies of learning analytics and learning supported through AI, as the whole digital learning system can be accessed and interconnected down to the specific learner and situation. - ch.tii ch.tii Dec 6, 2014

(4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?

  • - lars.persen lars.persen Nov 23, 2014Norway's FEIDE (solution enabling one electronical identity on numerous platforms) is providing a higher security level than other SSO's.
  • - lars.persen lars.persen Nov 23, 2014LMS'es like Fronter and itslearning use single sign-on and from their platforms you can Access other sites through built in Applications. The same counts for Dustin, who builds Microsoft based tile-platforms for municipalities, in which teachers can access the municipality's purchased tools with one SSO log in.
  • - lars.persen lars.persen Nov 23, 2014Web tools for engaging 1:1 are also using SSO for log in. Socrative is using Google, while ClassFlow is enabling both Facebook-, Google- and Office 365-log in. (image below is from ClassFlow)
  • http://www.skolfederation.se - ch.tii ch.tii Dec 6, 2014
  • http://www.swamid.se/ - ch.tii ch.tii Dec 6, 2014
  • SSO ClassFlow.png

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